Key principles for planning Smart Cities: Smart Cities empower their citizens to make more informed decisions about their city through access to data about the city, its resources and its planning processes.
Cities must adapt to the challenges that modernity has brought along with it in this news digital era. One of these challenges is to reconcile technology with all aspects of the city. a concept better known as a smart city.
Challenges with the Indian Urbanization Scenario - Urbanization in India is rapid and propels social and environmental challenges. Cities are characterized by strained infrastructure which manifests itself in terms of power cuts and water shortages, high cost of living, and unaffordable real estate resulting in urban sprawl and slums, high volume of traffic resulting in pollution and delays.
Indian cities are struggling to accommodate the accelerated pace of urbanization – resulting in crumbling urban infrastructure and unaffordable options for urban accommodation. Urbanization is only bound to rise – with a manufacturing - led, knowledge driven economy forming the core focus of India’s efforts at creating a ‘step change’ in economic growth. Our industrial growth ecosystem must be planned and created – liveable cities will need to enable people to live and work near production zones.
By 2031, the urban share of GDP is expected to rise from 52% to 75%. The national level of urbanisation in India will rise from 31% in 2011 to 50% by 2031, and more than 600 million Indians will choose to live in urban areas. Urban areas of the future will be clustered – almost 50% of all future urban Indians will be concentrated in 87 metropolitan cities.
India has recently committed to the development and construction of 100 Smart Cities to meet the demands of its rapidly growing and urbanizing population. This effort will include construction of new municipalities and renovation of existing cities as the rural population shifts into urban areas.