The Central Government has kicked-off second generation reforms in fertilizer sector by framing a policy to produce compost from urban waste. The Government believes that this would reduce chemical use and enrich soil.
A cabinet note circulated by Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers offers incentives to manufacturers for producing compost and use municipal waste as manure in agro sector.
India’s total municipal waste based compost production potential is around 40 lakh tonne, given the roughly 600 to 650 lakh waste generated annually by the cities and towns. The country’s current installed capacity for compost production is around 10 lakh tonne while the consumption is around 1 lakh tonne.
According to CPHEEO standards, solid waste generated by the urban areas should be in a range of 0.02-.04 kg per day per capita whereas our metropolitan cities generate far more than the standards. So, the immediate environment concerns urge for solutions that would provide a better quality of life by collecting the waste from source and then treating it by various means, i.e., recycle, reuse, treating to convert it into compost, manure, etc.