The Indian government has launched a star rating protocol to fight the garbage menace, and to make garbage-free cities in the country. Here, the cities can be rated as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7 star, based on the compliance with the protocol conditions specified for each of the ratings.
The star rating will be based on multiple cleanliness parameters. These indicators include: solid waste management, door-to-door collection, bulk generator compliance, source segregation, sweeping, scientific processing of waste, scientific land-filling, plastic waste management, construction and demolition management, dump remediation and citizen grievance redressal system.
Cities will be given rating of 3 star or above only after it is declared open defecation free (ODF). Cities can self declare themselves as 1-star, 2-star or 4-star provided that MoHUA carry out additional verification through independent third party to certify cities as 3-star, 5-star or 7-star. Cities need to get themselves recertified every year to retain their star-status.
The most significant feature of the rating is that it provides stakeholders with a single metric to rate a city’s cleanliness, rather than evaluating them separately with multiple factors that contribute to a city’s overall cleanliness and garbage-free status. The SMART rating is being called as Single metric, Measurable, Achievable, Rigorous verification, Targeted.
It provides stakeholders with single metric to rate a city’s cleanliness, rather than separately evaluating multiple factors which contribute to city’s overall cleanliness and garbage free status. It will assess many cities for having higher stars as compared to only one city being “cleanest city” under Swachh Survekshan.