Cooling is an important need across due to its considerable use in different sectors of the economy such as industries, residential and commercial buildings, transport etc.
Just the day after World Ozone Day, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change released the Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) along with a booklet on the Montreal Protocol- India’s Success Story, to emphasise the importance of working under the care of Montreal Protocol to protect the ozone layer. Montreal Protocol is similar to the Paris Agreement, which is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), dealing with greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance.
The document addresses cooling requirements across all the sectors and lists out actions that can help reduce the cooling demand by reducing, both direct and indirect emissions. With India being the first country in the world to develop such a document, the motive of ICAP is to look for synergies in actions for securing environmental and socio-economic benefits by providing sustainable cooking and thermal comfort for all.
With India having heavy cooling demands, the country might have an eightfold increase in cooling demand in the next 20 years. However, the per capita energy consumption of India is much lower than that of Japan, the US, Brazil and Mexico. ICAP further estimates that the building sector will grow the most, around eleven-fold in the next two decades. Comparatively, transport air-conditioning and cold-chain sectors are only expected to increase fourfold, and fivefold, respectively.