Time and again, geospatial technology has played a vital role in waste management. Testimony to this fact is the city of Indore in Madhya Pradesh. Indore was adjudged the top position in a recently-conducted survey to be the cleanest city in India.
In its war against waste, the Indore Municipal Commission (IMC) has installed global positioning systems (GPS) in approximately 400 waste collection vehicles, catering to both households as well as commercial establishments. The City Corporation has involved NGOs, who has helped the urban local body (ULB) in pre-defining routes for each vehicle. The pre-defined routes have helped drivers know the exact route to be followed for waste collection. By deploying GPS, IMC has made sure that tracking the movement of its vehicles along pre-defined routes will ensure timely and structured collection of waste from each and every household.
The Corporation, in its first phase of digitisation drive, has planned a web GIS portal for its citizen. This portal will allow citizens to locate administrative units, ward office locations, available facilities (like petrol pumps, hospitals, schools, etc.). This portal shall also be helpful for officials for making better planning decisions.
In the second phase, GIS portal will be enhanced and integrated with future-planned systems like intelligent transport management system; intelligent utilities management system like water, gas, power, sewage and road; intelligent solid waste management; intelligent vehicle tracking system; intelligent parking management system; smart pole data management system; building plan approval system; workflow-based municipal NOCs processing system; health information management system; enterprise project management system; and enterprise asset management system.
The enterprise GIS level system will provide the required framework to integrate not only every stakeholder but also every aspect of smart city processes – starting from conceptualisation, planning, and development to maintenance. The system shall play a vital role in many areas of Indore, some areas where the benefits of unique capabilities of GIS can be quickly leveraged include asset management-manage asset and resource information; planning and analysis-facilitate better planning and analysis; field operations-get information in and out of the field; situational awareness-provide comprehensive view of operations; constituent engagement-engage stakeholders and citizens.
Simultaneously, the vehicle tracking and monitoring solution, being currently used for waste collection vehicles, is being taken forward to its logical second stage. IMC has already planned to implement rigorous monitoring of vehicles to stop pilferage of fuel and reduce fuel consumption by monitoring fuel efficiency of vehicles (through the use of existing GPS trackers and GIS-based analytics).