Solapur, a textile and bidi manufacturing hub, is one of the major cities of Maharashtra that attracts a sizeable number of visitors for business or commercial purposes. The city is also of religious importance with more than five lakh pilgrims visiting the Siddheshwar Temple, every year. However, the city does not have adequate public conveniences facility for the large visiting/floating population of the city. It has also been noticed that hygiene routine with respect to the usage of public toilets is poor.
Considering the need for enhanced and sustained public convenience, especially for floating population, Solapur has installed e-Toilets or electronic toilet system. These are unmanned, self-cleaning toilets having remote monitoring facility. e-Toilets deploy electrical, mechanical and web mobile technologies.
e-Toilets are made of steel, are pre-fabricated and are modular in design. These toilets have attached bio-digesters, and are equipped with features for electronic control with respect to hygiene of the toilet facility. Features include: display and instruction boards, access based on water availability in the toilet unit, automatic pre-flush and after-use flushes, automatic toilet platform/ floor cleaning mechanism, and real-time electronic monitoring of toilet usage and upkeep of toilet facility.
e-Toilets at 8 out of 10 locations in area-based development (ABD) have been installed and are being used by general public. e-Toilets have started contributing to cleanliness and hygiene in the city, and have also reduced open urination in the ABD area of the city.
The project is being implemented on DBFOT (Design Build, Finance Operate and Transfer) model wherein the implementing agency is funding and operates all the e-Toilets and is retaining the user charges and the revenue from the advertisements on the panel of the e-Toilets. The implementing agency will be responsible for operation and maintenance for five years. At the end of this period, the implementing agency will be required to transfer the assets to Solapur City Development Corporation Ltd (SCDCL).