Indian cities are expected to house 200 million people by 2030. Driven by soaring numbers, India is expected to account for a 25 per cent rise in global energy usage by 2040, leading to a higher carbon footprint. The immense strain on the overburdened cities can well be imagined. Already, the infrastructure in cities, including the metros, is inadequate in meeting the present needs of citizens and, therefore, in no position to handle the additional burden of the population influx.
The creation of smart cities aims to address such concerns, thanks to the effectiveness of Internet of Things-enabled (IoT-enabled) technologies driving greater process efficiencies in all types of buildings – residential, commercial or industrial. The recent completion of the smart city project at Atal Nagar (formerly known as Naya Raipur) has the Integrated Command and Control Centre (CCC) as the backbone of the city. It includes a utility management system (electrical and water SCADA or Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition– an online system for gathering and analyzing real-time data), as well as an intelligent Building Management System.
The centralized CCC deploys IoT, mobility, sensing, analytics and cyber security tools to promote safety, sustainability, reliability, efficiency and connectivity for its citizens. As the central hub, the CCC manages the city’s operations and emergency response.
The Atal Nagar Smart City initiative amalgamates and connects various verticals, integrates diverse segments, with the activities being overseen by the city’s Development Authority. As a part of the project, the entire city is covered with GIS mapping that is backed by 128 CCTV cameras, 40 speed-detection cameras and 42 numbers plate recognition cameras, making Atal Nagar as one of India’s safest cities.
The four pillars of this smart city is vest on institutional, physical, social and economic infrastructure. The focus has been on developing critical services such as 24x7 supplies of quality water, water connection metering, fully-automatic generation of utility bills by application systems, enhanced city security and safety, citizen-based mobile apps as well as city portals.
Another benefit of smart cities is that preference will be given to clean energy since sustainability tops the agenda. Solar and wind power can be the main alternatives for clean fuels in India. Note that smart power equipment of solar systems can communicate among themselves, analyzing any problems arising between their structures. Such smart systems ensure downtime is avoided or minimized.