With the launch of four heavy-duty communications satellites, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has promised to deliver internet speed of over 100 gigabits per second (Gbps) by the end of 2019 to every household and office in the country.
Unlike the past satellites that use a broad single beam, the four high-throughput satellites will employ multiple spot beams, increasing internet speed and improving coverage across the entire country and will bridge the digital divide.
For its 500 million internet users, India hasn’t done too well in mobile internet speed and fixed broadband speed, ranking 109 and 76 respectively in the world, as per Ookla’s Speedtest Global Index last November. On an average, mobile internet speeds hover around 8 Mbps and 18.82 Mbps for broadband. These ISRO satellites are hoping to change the game for India.
Besides, efforts on to improve internet speeds in India, particularly on the use of Li-Fi technology is being made. Li-Fi is a technology for seamless wireless communication between devices using a light source like LED bulbs to transmit data. Li-Fi technology delivers internet speed in the range of 10 Gbps.
Of the four satellites, GSAT-19 was launched in June last year. While GSAT-29 will be launched in November, GSAT-11 (ISRO’s heaviest satellite weighing over 5.7 tonne) will be launched from French Guyana by December. Also, the launch of GSAT-20 has been scheduled for the next year.