IoT-based e-tracks can save human lives

Mon, 2016-08-29 15:23 -- SCC India Staff


It’s a cruel fact of life that in India, one can easily pass a driving test by greasing the palms of regional transport officials. Many RTOs in the country have 100 per cent clearing rates. Every single learner who takes the wheel, clears the driving test, without any hurdles.  

According to government data, the year 2015 witnessed over 5 lakh deaths in road accidents, up by around 1.5 lakh from the previous year’s figure of 4.89 lakh. This translates into around 400 deaths on a daily basis.

That said, many states in the country including Gujarat, Kerala, Karnataka, Punjab and Odisha have taken advanced and bold steps by introducing Automated Driving Test Tracks (ADTTs) with the use of Internet of Things (IoT).

What is ADTT?
Automated tracks are specially designed roads that are fitted with sensors at every turn and curve, which assess performance and deliver results in real time. An overhead camera records the driver’s performance. ADTT eliminates manual interferences. A single person is in charge of overseeing the test and the test results.

How it works
The driving tracks are equipped with pole sensors located at equidistant points along the ‘8’ which a driving aspirant has to navigate. In most ATDDs, two parallel lines of sensors are positioned throughout the length of the track at one metre distance. These sensors are programmed to sense the jerks and vibrations that a vehicle experiences within the track. These sensors report the same to the central tracking software. An applicant who touches more than a specified number of sensors is disqualified.

In addition, there are beam sensors along the track which sense the forward and reverse movement of a vehicle in the track with precision. RFID tags are placed along the direction of the ‘8’ to record the user movements, while the “Stop-go” signal helps reassert the actual situation in simulation mode.

This system also generates computerised test results that include time taken to complete the test, number of sensors touched and the applicant’s total score. All the data recorded is sent to the central control software, where the data is analysed, and the results are given out based on the preset criteria. The result is then sent to the third-party application, from where it is then sent to the user.

The whole process does not call for manual interference, which means the data is recorded along the track on an error-free basis. The devices capture data on a real-time basis, and efficiently process the same. This tends to make the whole process of driving test tracking easy and fast. For example, with the introduction of ATDD, Ahmedabad has witnessed a rejection of nearly 50 per cent of driving test applicants.