Effective solid waste management is extremely important for a number of reasons. Some waste materials are normally safe, but can become hazardous if not managed properly. Solid waste that is not properly managed poses risk to human health and the environment. A systematic approach to deal effectively with the solid wastes is lacking in most of the Indian cities. According to data presented by the government, about 24 per cent of the solid waste generated in the country was being processed as on January 31. Out of over 1.43 lakh tonnes per day (tpd) of solid waste generated, only about 33,800 tpd (or 23.73 per cent) was being processed as on the last day of January, the Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry data showed.
The government—under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)—aims to attain 100 per cent scientific management of solid waste, and also make the country open-defecation free (ODF) by October 2, 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
See how other States are progressing
At 22,570 tpd, Maharashtra produced the highest quantity of solid waste as on January 31, out of which 7,900 tpd or 35 per cent was processed. Chhattisgarh produced 1,680 tpd of solid waste and processed 1,008 tpd or 60 per cent, while Delhi produced 10,500 tpd and processed 5,775 or 55 per cent. Gujarat processed 23 per cent of the total waste it generated, while Karnataka processed 22 per cent, and Uttar Pradesh only 20 per cent. In Goa, 62 per cent of the solid waste was processed, while Meghalaya processed 58 per cent, Telangana 67 per cent, Tripura 57 per cent and Sikkim 66 per cent.
According to the data, States that processed less than 10 per cent of the solid waste they generated include Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.