India generates around 1,50,000 tonnes of solid waste per day. In fact, India is not the only country facing the problem of solid waste management. However, countries like Norway have sought advanced technological insights to seek sustainable and long-lasting solutions. Eleven municipalities in the Stavanger region of Norway have floated a company called ‘Ivar’ that converts solid waste into fuel.
Ivar is jointly owned by eleven municipalities – Finnøy, Gjesdal, Hå, Klepp, Kvitsøy, Randaberg, Rennesøy, Sandnes, Sola, Stavanger and Time. Together, these municipalities have approximately a quarter million inhabitants. The threat lies in the fact that untreated sludge can lead to water pollution. This can be averted by sludge to fuel management. Separation and segregation of sewage, sludge and plastic and metal at source is therefore crucial. The project works with wet waste, toilet and kitchen waste. While the bio-fuel generated at the end of it can be put to use, the by-products can be used as fertilisers too. The project has been successful and has generated enough bio-fuel to run the public bus transport system in all eleven municipalities.
A total of 84 Ivar employees were responsible for a turnover of approximately NOK 280 million in 2003. IVAR receives and processes solid waste from waste disposal services in the municipalities. IVAR works with a number of private and public organizations with the objective of ensuring improved exploitation of solid waste. Their motto being, less waste to landfills, more to recycling.