Citizen mobility is one of the key issues in a city like Pune. The city relies solely on buses for public transportation, but the average number of buses per lakh population is only 37! Additionally, buses in Pune have issues with availability (about 25 per cent fleet off-road most of the time) and reliability (about 84 per cent routes have a waiting time of more than 20 minutes). As a result, the public transport trip share is a mere 18 per cent.
Pune has grown radially, with most new job opportunities in information technology (IT) and manufacturing being created on its outskirts. This has increased the average trip length to 10 km. A significant rise in the number of private vehicles, lack of efficient public transportation options, and 30 per cent of the bypass traffic going through the heart of the city, leads to massive traffic congestions in and around the city. The current average traffic speed in Pune is only 18 km/hour, which is a shocking figure.
A state-of-the-art Transport Command and Control Centre for traffic has been set-up at the Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML) headquarter. The Transport Command and Control Centre captures the real-time movement of buses based on the GPS tracker, which is placed on the buses. The control centre has four servers and 20 computers, which is managed by 21 people on the ground.
What’s more! The central command control room helps city authority to monitor driving quality and service levels. It tracks more than 1,500 buses (vehicle tracking system) by installing GPS and monitors vehicle health through vehicle monitoring system (VMS) across 1,080 buses with intelligent kits and back-end maintenance management system.
To improve security, around 510 buses are equipped with CCTV surveillance and panic buttons. For swifter communication, a public information system (PIS), comprising of bus guides and LED screens depicting the expected time of arrival, and other critical information across all 190 bus stops and in around 510 buses, along with mobile apps and website providing the real-time information have been deployed. PMPML has also equipped WiFi in 1,080 buses with an in-bus information system.
The vehicle tracking system is enabling PMPML to respond to incidents for over-speeding, harsh braking, skipping signals, etc. Vehicle health monitoring is expected to improve fleet utilization, translating to a 4-5 per cent increase in revenue and making PMPML healthier. The surveillance system will improve security of passengers and transport assets/fleet, and ensure faster emergency response system. Using central command control room will ensure faster decision-making for traffic management, forecasting of traffic conditions and volume, and will help with future planning of transportation. Intelligent asset management will optimize investments and save 10-20 per cent of the annual maintenance cost.