Solapur, a textile and bidi manufacturing hub, is one of the major cities of Maharashtra that attracts a sizeable number of visitors for business or commercial purposes. The city is also of religious importance with more than five lakh pilgrims visiting the Siddheshwar Temple, every year.
Conservation of open spaces within city as well in fringe areas is a major challenge before development authorities. Unplanned and unregulated growth of human settlements encroach available open areas and make cities vulnerable to climate change impacts. Large-scale conversion of agriculture land for non-agriculture uses exacerbates climate change risks of cities by increasing water logging and run-off.
Bhopal, a vibrant economic centre of Madhya Pradesh, has launched many innovative smart solutions. The city recently has launched its first innovative public private partnership (PPP)-based smart poles and intelligent streetlights project under the Smart Cities Mission. The project is innovatively structured in such a manner that it delivers bundled smart services to citizens and gives maximum values for money to the city authority.
Coir geotextile mats, shredded waste plastic, nano-coated hydrophilic fibres, industrial slag, fly ash, and marble slurry dust are some of the new materials finding a place in road construction.
Participation of citizens and citizen action is a key tenet of democratic governance. Participation or citizen action develops ownerships, which is crucial for success of any government initiate. However, direct participation or action of citizens in government programs and civic activities poses many operational challenges, particularly in terms of efficacy and cost of participation.
Citizen mobility is one of the key issues in a city like Pune. The city relies solely on buses for public transportation, but the average number of buses per lakh population is only 37! Additionally, buses in Pune have issues with availability (about 25 per cent fleet off-road most of the time) and reliability (about 84 per cent routes have a waiting time of more than 20 minutes). As a result, the public transport trip share is a mere 18 per cent.
Coimbatore with a decadal growth rate of around 20% is a rapidly growing city in the state of Tamil Nadu. Known as Manchester of India, the city is undertaking numerous initiatives towards improving basic services and quality of life of citizens.
Indore, being the largest and the most populous city in Madhya Pradesh with a population of around 20 lakh (according to the 2011 census), the Indore Municipal Corporation considers sanitation and solid waste management as its topmost priority. Ranked as the cleanest city in India, according to the Swachh Sarvekshan Survey 2017, IMC is aiming for 100 per cent coverage of solid waste management.
India’s ranking in terms of food security is not on par with its status of being one of the biggest producers of vegetables. According to a research, India produces 220 million tons of vegetables and fruits in a year but only 30 per cent of the production never reaches the table. The main reason for this waste is a lack of storage infrastructure, particularly at harvest-time.
Surat, being the centre of opportunities for laborers and investors, has attracted migrants from nearby rural areas and cities. This has increasing the demand for intra-city transportation. In the year 2006, Surat Municipal Corporation’s (SMC) limits were increased from 112.28 sq km to 326.515 sq km.