In India, water scarcity caused by delayed monsoons, insufficient rains, irrigation needs, oversight and intense competition between various neighboring states over shared aqua resources is nothing new.
Over the past decade, Mumbai has grown rapidly and has been witnessing a dearth of parking space, leading to road congestion due to the unorganized parking structure in the city. A bench of judges from the high court recently raised a concern with the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) on the city running out of pedestrian space in the next five years.
A yet another massive feat of energy efficiency was achieved by the Government of India through initiation of the UJALA scheme in Malaysian State of Melaka. Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL) had endeavored to create the replica of UJALA Scheme in Melaka.
In the backdrop of back-to-back rail accidents, the current safety standards of Indian Railways have assumed center-stage again in India’s development agenda. Keeping this in mind, the Indian Railways has decided to collaborate with Australian firms to revamp railway safety in India.
To generate one megawatt (MW) of power, five acres of land is required, and for 10,000 MW, India would need around 50,000 acres. To solve this problem, the Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI), Durgapur, has designed a solar power tree that takes up only 4 square feet (sq ft) of space and produces about three kilowatt (kW) of power, which is enough to power five households. It takes up only 1 per cent of space consumed by conventional systems.
With inadequate water in the flush or with an average Indian’s hesitation in flushing the toilet after use in public toilets, the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) has designed a prototype automatic urinal for men and women. The prototype would save a lot more water than conventional toilet systems in India and it doesn’t use power at all.
Mumbai, which witnessed worst rainfall recently, has managed to avert 2005-like situation. Thanks to 5,000 high-definition CCTV cameras deployed across the city by the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC).
Davanagere, a small city in the southern State of Karnataka with a population of around 4.34 lakh, has been well known for its textile industry. Davanagere has around 1,010 km of city roads, and many roads not in good condition. With insufficient storm water drains, incomplete water and sewerage network, insufficient street lighting, overhead utility ducting and insufficient footpaths, the roads are open to hazards.
With around two million tonnes of cotton stalk waste, India is one of the largest countries in the world where utilization or recycling of waste is next to negligible. However, scientists from CSIR’s National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology (CSIR-NIIST), Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala have been able to turn cotton stalk waste into wealth. They have produced ethanol from discarded cotton-stalks by using a combination of chemical and biological techniques.
Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh is one among the first 20 shortlisted smart cities from India. The smart cities project includes both pan-city proposals and area-based development proposals, mainly focusing on improving the infrastructure of the city. The e-Rickshaw project was initiated as a part of the smart city proposal. The project is still ongoing in the second phase. This story highlights the various aspects of assessment undertaken by the project team to verify the feasibility of e-Rickshaw d