Soil Health Card, a revolutionary scheme initiated for farmers, will bring in a huge difference to farming and farm produce. Soil Health Card provides information to farmers on nutrient status of their soil along with recommendations on appropriate dosage of nutrients for improving soil health and its fertility.
It gives farmers information about the nature of the soil. Post recommendations, the farmers use fertilisers and other chemicals accordingly.
According to the Government, Soil Health Card has helped in increasing the productivity and reduced the cost of production.
In the first two years (2015-17) of the Soil Health Card scheme, about 2.53 million samples were collected and 93 per cent samples have been tested. Around 14 crore Soil Health Cards are being created by the State Governments and has been distributed among eight crore farmers till May 31. The rest of the farmers will receive their Soil Health Cards in the next three months.
As per the response from the farmers of 136 districts of 16 states, the use of Soil Health Card consumption of nitrogen fertilisers has decreased and the consumption of phosphorus potash and micronutrients has increased. There has been 16 to 25 per cent reduction in the cost of paddy farming and 10 to 15 per cent reduction in pulses and oilseeds farming.
Also, there has been 10 to 25 per cent increase in the production of paddy, 10 to 15 per cent in the production of coarse cereals, 10 to 30 per cent in pulses, and 35 to 66 per cent in the production of oilseeds.